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Vermont Criminal Records

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Registered Licenses is not a consumer reporting agency as defined by the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”). You understand and acknowledge that these reports are NOT “consumer reports” as defined by the FCRA. Your access and use of a report is subject to our Terms of Service and you expressly acknowledge that you are prohibited from using this service and this report to determine an individual’s eligibility for credit, insurance, employment or any other purpose regulated by the FCRA.

Are Criminal Records Public in Vermont?

Yes. The Vermont Freedom of Information Act allows any individual to request information about a person's criminal history from the Police Department. In other words, criminal records are public in Vermont.

Vermont is a state where criminal records are specifically available to anyone who asks for them. In Vermont, the only restrictions on access to these records are found in the Vermont Criminal History Privacy Act. In particular, Section 5 provides that an individual may not gain access to a public criminal record of another person if that person has not been convicted of a crime. In general, one must contact their local police department or court to request this information directly from the presiding officer in order to see a criminal record of another individual.

Vermont criminal records primarily include:

  • The personal data of the subject - including their full name and aliases, birthdate, nationality and gender
  • Current and former addresses of the subject
  • A mugshot and full set of fingerprints
  • Details of criminal offenses and indictments
  • Relevant and non-confidential conviction information
  • Details of any stand-out identifiers

Criminal records, considered public in the United States, are made available through some third-party aggregate sites. Searching with third-party websites is often easier as the information is not limited to geographic record availability. Information found on third-party websites can serve as a jumping off point for parties searching for a specific record or multiple records. Typically, requesters must provide the following information to gain access to these records:

  • The record subject’s name, unless the subject is a juvenile.
  • The record subjects’ last known location, including cities, counties, and states.

Third-party websites offer these search services, but they are not government sponsored. Availability of records may vary.

What is Considered a Criminal Record in Vermont?

Vermont criminal records, often referred to as a rap sheet, are the official documents which contain the criminal history information of persons within the Vermont jurisdiction. The information contained in these records are assembled from various sources and organized in online record depositories that may be available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report. These records most detail all misdemeanor and felony crimes of a subject as well any consequent arrests, indictments and convictions following their alleged involvement in criminal activity within Vermont.

How to Obtain Criminal Records in Vermont?

Individuals can make requests to the appropriate law enforcement agency to obtain criminal records or make background checks on persons in Vermont. Requests can be made via phone, in-person, or mail. Keep in mind that the authorized agency in charge of keeping the criminal records may require payments to be made to obtain the requested document. A free public criminal record check may be available to interested parties, but the information provided may be incomplete. Even with a free criminal record search, however, copy fees apply.

The Vermont Crime Information Center (VCIC) is tasked with providing access to criminal records in the state.

Vermont Crime Information Center
45 State Drive
Waterbury, VT 05671-1300
Phone: (802) 244-8727
Fax: (802) 241-5552

Are Arrest Records Public in Vermont?

Yes, Vermont public arrest records are open to the public. Requesters can use the Public Records Ordering arrest search tool to find free arrest records in the state. There are certain restrictions on what information is available for public records. Judicial proceedings, mental health records, juvenile court petitions, probation and parole records, most domestic relations matters including adoption and divorce cases must remain confidential.

For most crimes unrelated to any of these matters the offender's criminal records are typically not sealed but are available for law enforcement purposes only. However, parties convicted of a sex offense may face court ordered restrictions that limit access to criminal records.

What is Considered an Arrest Record in Vermont?

Vermont arrest records are official documents which provide information regarding the apprehension and detention of a person following their alleged involvement in criminal activity. They indicate that the subject of the record has been held for investigation and/or questioning by any law enforcement or military authority. These records are generated by the investigating jurisdiction but do not constitute proof of the subject's involvement in the alleged crime.

Vermont arrest records typically include:

  • The full name & alias of the subject of the record
  • The gender, birthdate and nationality/ethnicity of the subject
  • The place and date of the arrest
  • The name of the arresting officer/issuer of the warrant
  • The most current case status
  • The address of the detention facility (where the arrestee was/is held)

Vermont police reports and police records differ from arrest records, but the terms are often used interchangeably. While arrest records are one of the components of police records, police records include incident reports and police activity logs.

Vermont Arrest Warrants

Vermont arrest warrants are court-issued orders which provide legal authorization for the arrest and detention of persons suspected of criminal activity. Warrants may also authorize the search and/or seizure of private property depending on the case. These are primarily issued by judges for local law enforcement agencies and often indicate the name(s) of the person(s) to be arrested, the alleged criminal offense as well as a validity period. Although there is no central database to perform a warrant search in Vermont, interested parties can search active warrants with the DEA Fugitive Search tool and the U.S. Marshall's Warrant Information System. Parties can explore local county sheriff's websites to perform a local active warrant search.

As per Vermont state law, local law enforcement officers may arrest persons without a warrant if the arresting officer is witness to the alleged crime or if the arrestee is suspected of a felony.

How to Lookup Vermont Inmate Records

The Vermont Department of Corrections maintains an inmate database that is searchable online and can provide both general and inmate-specific information, such as an inmate's biodata and criminal charges as well as the detainee's incarceration date and prospective release date. Any information unavailable on the online database may be obtained by querying the facility where the inmate is housed.

Vermont inmate records are official documents pertaining to persons who are incarcerated within the state and correctional facilities in which they are housed within the states jurisdiction. These records often detail the inmate-specific data such as the full name and alias, their birth date, nationality/ethnicity, gender, and other biological information as well as crime-related data such as their criminal indictments and sentences.

How Do I Find Sex Offenders in Vermont?

Vermont's sex offender registry provides public access to information regarding persons convicted of sex crimes. Compiled by law enforcement agencies of various jurisdictions, the registry primarily lists offenders in a specific locality. In addition to the local listings, the Vermont Department of Public Safety maintains the state's central Sex Offender Registry which features information regarding statewide registered sex offenders. Contained in these listings are the personal data, addresses and criminal history of convicted sex offenders. Requesters can look up the National Sex Offender Registry to find nationwide sex offenders.

The state of Vermont (along with other U.S states) operates by the federally established Megan's Law which requires the creation and maintenance of sex offender registries in order to provide information on registered sex offenders to the public. Its establishment was motivated by the rape and murder of 7-year-old New Jersey resident Megan Kanka by a sex offender who lived in the girl's own neighborhood. Soon after the passage of the first Megan's Law in the state of New Jersey, the federal government implemented a requirement that all states establish sex offender registries and provide the public with information about those registered.

Understanding DUI Laws in Vermont

Per Vermont DUI laws, persons who ingest alcohol or inebriating substances prior to driving can be arrested and penalized or prosecuted. The Vermont State Highway Safety Office is tasked with handling all serious traffic violations in the state. Serious traffic violations may refer to the most severe form of traffic-related infractions which often involves the willful disregard for public safety and typically results in damage to property, serious bodily injury, and death. They include offenses such as reckless driving, DUI or DWI, and moving violations of various kinds. Driving while intoxicated in Vermont is defined by the state's DUI laws. Individuals may be caught if the BAC (Blood Alcohol Content) level is above 0.08% or the drugs that the driver used are illegal under Vermont law.

The drunk driving laws of Vermont are not as strict as those of other states, but they do have some penalties. When a person is caught driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs in Vermont, he can be fined and may have their licenses revoked. If a person is convicted of a third DUI in a 10-year period, their license can be revoked for two years and they may also face jail time.

Vermont Misdemeanors Laws: Offenses and Penalties

Vermont misdemeanors are non-indictable offenses generally considered to be less severe than felonies. In the state of Vermont, these crimes are typically punishable by less than two years in jail. However, while most states categorize misdemeanors using a number-based system which ranks crimes based on severity, the state of Vermont simply ascribes sentences on a crime-by-crime basis. However, most misdemeanors are considered to be criminal offenses of mid-level severity.

Some examples of Misdemeanor crimes in Vermont include:

  • Possession of specific quantities of a controlled substance
  • Violation of a restraining order
  • Disorderly conduct
  • Simple assault
  • DUI

Vermont Felony Laws: Offenses and Penalties

Vermont felony offenses refer to serious crimes which are punishable by a minimum of one year and a maximum of the death penalty or fines of up to $500,000. However, unlike other states which designate felonies by class (in increasing or decreasing severity), Vermont lawmakers do not operate a classification system. Rather, penalties are ascribed on a crime-by-crime basis, with more serious crimes receiving severe penalties. Generally speaking, felonies in Vermont are punishable by at least two years in state prison and the most serious crimes in Vermont are punishable by life in prison or death (for murder only). Common Vermont State felonies include:

  • Murder
  • Aggravated sexual assault
  • Possession of large quantities of marijuana
  • Animal cruelty
  • Burglary
  • Criminal negligence
  • Vehicular homicide

Probation and Parole in Vermont

Vermont parole records refer to official documents that indicate that an inmate was released prior to the completion of their maximum sentence following their adherence to the requirements of the state parole board.

All Vermont parole information is generated and maintained by the Vermont Parole Board, which provides these records to interested persons upon request. In addition to providing online resources, the VPB also provides details of eligibility requirements and general conditions for persons who have been granted parole. Interested members of the public may query the board for view updates regarding the parole status of specific inmates and/or the conditions required. Offenders may be searched by their full name or designated parole number (if assigned). The board is at liberty to impose any conditions of parole it deems appropriate in order to ensure the best interests of the prisoner and the citizens of Vermont are served.

Vermont probation records are official documents indicating that an inmate has been allowed to serve their sentences out of custody and under strict supervision. The nature of a probation may vary from one offender to the other and as such probation records are often unique to the offender. Generally however, these records feature the personal information of the inmate concerned as well as the required conditions imposed by the judge and probation officer as well as the length of the sentence. Probation sentences are typically issued in proportion to the crime committed and its conditions are also impacted by the severity of the crime as well as the individual’s criminal history.

Are Juvenile Criminal Records Public in Vermont?

Vermont juvenile criminal records are official records pertaining to criminal activity committed by children or adolescents who are not yet of legal adult age. Unlike adult convicts, juveniles are not considered to be convicted but “adjudicated delinquents”. As per 33 V.S.A. § 5119, these records are confidential and members of the public have limited rights to attend hearings involving persons under legal age. Juveniles are not considered convicts but delinquents if proven guilty of a crime. Juvenile criminal records which often include arrest records, detention center records, and records of proceedings involving juveniles are confidential but remain accessible to landlords, school organizations and employers unless the individual petitions to have it expunged. Persons found adjudicated delinquent to a criminal offense by a Juvenile Court, may not respond “yes” if asked whether they have ever been convicted of a crime, unless probed specifically regarding adjudicated delinquency.

What are Conviction Records?

Vermont conviction records are documents which provide information regarding the indictment, plea and judgment sentence of a person with regard to an alleged crime. They indicate that an indicted person was guilty following their plea or a court proceeding, and has been ascribed a suitable penalty following their conviction. Essentially, these records detail relevant information regarding the crime for which they were convicted as well as the final judgment delivered. It also includes details of adjudications, dishonorable discharges, probation, fines and paroles issued subsequent to the initial judgment. Criminal convictions are typically rendered by either a jury of peers or a judge in a court of law and often excludes final judgments which were deleted by a pardon.

Vermont History and Accuracy of Criminal Records

Record keeping in Vermont depends primarily on each of the recordkeeping and technological capabilities of the jurisdiction where the record is generated. Most criminal records in the state go back as far as the 1970s when the earliest efforts to centralize and compile criminal and arrest data into an organized database were made. With the advent of technological advancements beginning in the 1990s, the quality and accuracy of record-keeping improved exponentially. These advancements have significantly improved the process of retrieval.

Find Vermont Criminal History Record for Free

Vermont Department of Public Safety's Crime Information Center (VCIC) is the official resource for obtaining criminal history records in Vermont. The VCIC is Vermont’s repository for criminal justice information generated by criminal justice agencies throughout the state. Only select eligible persons and entities can obtain criminal history records through the VCIC per V.S.A. Chapter 117, making these records inaccessible to the general public. Under chapter V.S.A 117, eligible persons and entities include the registrant, criminal justice agencies, legitimate researchers, employers, and the Department of Building Services and Financial Regulation.

Interested persons can also find and request copies of criminal history records by sending the VCIC the subject's name, birthdate, and any required request fee. The VCIC imposes a $30.00 fee for each requested criminal history record per 20 V.S.A. § 2063. However, under the statute, certain entities and individuals are exempt from paying this fee. For instance, there are no fees for requests made by registrants for their records or by law enforcement agencies in performing their legal duties.

Are Police Records Public in Vermont?

Yes. Per 1 V.S.A. § 316, the general public may inspect or copy public records of a public agency. Thus, state law enforcement agencies are obligated by state laws to make their records (including police records) publicly available. Police records are created and maintained by law enforcement agencies for crime prevention, detection, investigation, and prosecution. Some examples of public police records in Vermont include initial arrest reports, tickets, citations, and traffic violation complaints.

However, some types and parts of police records are exempt from public disclosure under 1 V.S.A. 317. These records include, but are not limited to, records of crime investigation and detection, whose disclosure could have any of the following effects:

  • Interference with law enforcement proceedings
  • Deprivation of a person's right to an impartial or fair trial.
  • Unwarranted invasion of personal privacy.
  • Disclose the identity of a confidential source.
  • Disclose techniques and procedures of law enforcement investigations or prosecution
  • Disclose guidelines for law enforcement investigations or prosecution risking circumvention of the law.
  • Endangerment of an individual's physical safety

How to Obtain Police Records in Vermont

In Vermont, anyone who is interested in obtaining police records must go through the law enforcement agency thought to be in possession or have generated the record. This could be a local county or city police department, a sheriff's office, or the state police department.

Law enforcement agencies usually maintain record request forms, which record seekers can use to request public records they maintain. These record request forms are usually available online on the law enforcement agency's website. Some agencies, like the Burlington Police Department, allow record seekers to submit record request forms online. Others, like the Winooski Police Department record request form, would need to be downloaded, filled out, and mailed. In any case, record seekers provide copies of their photo identification and any required fees with their request.

Records seekers should note that although police records are subject to Vermont’s Public Records Act, certain types of police records under the act are exempt from public disclosure. However, some exempt records may be accessible by specific persons who meet the eligibility requirements to obtain them. For instance, police personnel records are only available to the employee detailed in them and their legal representative. See 1 V.S.A. § 317(c)(7).

Are Police Reports Public Record?

A police report is an official document that details the circumstances surrounding an incident or arrest that was reported to or carried out by a law enforcement agency. Police reports contain information on the victims and witnesses of a crime, the classification of the offense committed, the timeline of the incident or arrest, and other pertinent data. Common types of police reports include:

  • Motor vehicle crash reports (accident reports)
  • Incident reports
  • Crime report
  • Arrest report

In Vermont, police reports are subject to the state's Public Records Act, with a few exceptions. Thus, so long as they do not fall under the act's exemptions, police reports can be obtained by the general public by making a request to the record custodian. The state's Public Records Act exemptions are specified in paragraphs (c) 1-29 of the act. Police reports whose release may constitute an unreasonable violation of an individual's privacy is an example of exempted record under the act.

How to File a Police Report with Vermont Law Enforcement

Some major factors that can determine how to file a police report in Vermont are the place the incident took place and the type of police report. Generally, if the incident occurred within a particular town, city, or county’s limit, one can either file an incident report with the city’s police department or county sheriff's office. Meanwhile, accident reports may be filed with the Vermont Department of Motor Vehicles.

State residents can either visit or contact a county sheriff's office or a city’s police department to file a police record. Some law enforcement agencies also maintain online tools, state residents can use to file a police report. A good example of these online tools is Burlington police department’s incident report portal. Others may maintain online forms state residents can use to leave an anonymous tip. State residents can find the contact information of Vermont law enforcement agencies through the state Criminal Justices Council registry.

The DMV provides forms state residents can use to file an accident report. There are five (5) different types of forms, the type of vehicle involved in the crash would determine the form one would use. After completing the form, inquirers may submit it to the DMV within 72 hours after the accident. State residents are advised against filing police reports for emergencies or incidents that are in progress. To make more inquiries on how to file a police report in Vermont contact local law enforcement agencies.

Where to Find Free Public Police Records

Reviewing police blotters made available by a few Vermont sheriff's offices and police departments is the only way to find free public police records in Vermont. Police blotters typically include minor specifics of a sheriff's or police department's routine operations. These consist of reported incidents and arrests made. The weekly blotter published by the Williston Police Department is a good example of a police blotter. A public police record request would be required to access more thorough records.

Unfortunately, record requests for most public police records typically come with a cost, as specified by 20 V.S.A. § 1815. Records custodians may also charge additional fees for production costs in addition to the specific police record request fee.

How to Find Mugshots in Vermont

A "mugshot" (also known as a “booking photo”) is a photograph of an arrested person taken from the shoulders up. Mugshots are maintained to help victims, investigators, and the general public identify suspects. Mugshots are an essential part of Vermont's criminal records as law enforcement agencies also employ mugshots as photographic records of subjects who are or were detained.

Mugshots are considered public records under Vermont's Public Records Act. Hence, law enforcement agencies offer several ways for the general public to access mugshots. These include databases and email addresses they maintain or filing a mugshot request. The state sex offenders' registry, which is free to use, is an example of such a database. Meanwhile, Vermont state police accept mugshot requests via email at Record seekers are urged to include the registrant's name, age, date of arrest, and the name of the barracks where they were brought into custody in their mugshot request. A suspect’s mugshot may be unavailable if they were cited and released or if extenuating circumstances prevented a photo from being taken.

Interested persons can also obtain mugshots performing a Vermont background check on state residents. To perform a Vermont background check, the Inquirer can employ the services of third-party websites that offer background check services.

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